The applicant in Parvalorem v Oliveira was a Portuguese state-owned organization and the first respondent (a director of the second and third respondent companies) was the subject of criminal proceedings together with associated civil proceedings in Portugal. The applicant had obtained a without notice freezing order as interim relief ancillary to the Portuguese proceedings pursuant … Continue reading Should a freezing order over the domestic assets of a foreign defendant with foreign assets contain the usual exception for payments in the ordinary course of business and/or for living and legal expenses?