Category Archives: Fraud

Todaysure Matthews v Marketing Ways Services demonstrates how the courts will balance the need to uphold a consent order agreed between the parties, with enforcing disclosure obligations owed to the court. In delivering his judgment and upholding the consent order, Teare J held that while the disclosure breach by the claimant was serious, the continuation … Continue reading High Court refuses defendant’s application to set aside consent order despite claimants’ failure to give full and frank disclosure when obtaining an earlier injunction

In JSC Mezhdunarodniy Promyshlenniy Bank v Pugachev, Mr Justice Mann continued a worldwide freezing order in a case which illustrates the challenge of both establishing material non-disclosure by the claimant and persuading the court that it should discharge the freezing order as a result. The claimants (a Russian bank and Russian state organisation responsible for … Continue reading Whether deficiencies in evidence and material non-disclosure will lead to discharge of freezing order

What is the appropriate costs order when some allegations of contempt have been proved, but not all? In PJSC Vseukrainskyi Aktsionernyi Bank v Maksimov, Hamblen J was faced with a finding of contempt that had been admitted from the outset and another finding of contempt which he thought proven but “technical”, but several other allegations … Continue reading Cost consequences following findings of contempt

In Joint Stock Company Ukrisbbank v Polyakov, Mr Justice Blair discharged a worldwide freezing injunction granted under section 25 of the Civil Jurisdiction and Judgments Act 1982 (“CJJA”) in support of proceedings in the Ukraine on the basis that the claimant had not shown a good arguable case that it would get judgment against the … Continue reading Discharge of worldwide freezing injunction granted in support of foreign proceedings where underlying litigation exhausted

A company is obliged to do or not do something by an injunction but acts in breach of the injunction. In these circumstances what is the liability in contempt of a director of that company? The issue was considered by Hamblen J in the case of Ipartner v Panacore. In this case a number of … Continue reading Issues on contempt

Blue Holdings (1) Pte Ltd and Blue Holdings (2) Pte Ltd v United States was an appeal against a High Court decision to continue an interim freezing injunction which had been granted to the United States under section 25 the Civil Jurisdiction and Judgments Act 1982 (the “CJJA”) in support of forfeiture proceedings in the … Continue reading No freezing injunction in support of foreign proceedings under section 25 of the Civil Jurisdiction and Judgments Act 1982 where the purpose is to circumvent the Proceeds of Crime Act regime for relief

EU Regulation No. 655/2014, dated 15 May 2014, established a European Account Preservation Order (“EAPO”) procedure to facilitate cross-border debt recovery in civil and commercial matters.  Here are eight things you need to know about the Regulation: It came into force on 17 July 2014 and will be applied by participating Member State courts from … Continue reading Eight things you need to know about the EU Regulation establishing a European Account Preservation Order procedure

JSC BTA Bank v Ablyazov concerned an application by BTA Bank for the costs of compliance with a Norwich Pharmacal order to be paid by the respondent, Mr Tyschenko. Mr Tyschenko was a Ukrainian businessman with interests in a range of oil, gas, banking and real estate assets. The bank’s case was that he was … Continue reading Norwich Pharmacal orders: when respondent can be ordered to pay applicant’s costs

The expense of international commercial fraud litigation has encouraged many litigators, in the last decade or so, to employ what might be called “sanction-focused litigation” where the focus is not necessarily on proceeding to a full trial of the action but on asserting (appropriate) pressure on the defendant through court-ordered sanctions for disobedience to court … Continue reading The use of contempt and other sanctions in modern commercial fraud cases

The recent decision of the Court of Appeal in Bank St Petersburg OJSC v Vitaly Arkhangelsky is a rare example of an English court granting an anti-enforcement injunction to enjoin a party from enforcing a foreign judgment, albeit on an interim basis. The starting point for the decision was in Russia, where the claimant obtained … Continue reading The Court of Appeal grants rare anti-enforcement injunction